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Biography of Sun Yat-sen - Defending the Republic, Opposing Yuan Shikai (April 1912—August 1922)

Last updated :2012-11-10

 I. Planning industrial construction

1. Photo of Dr. Sun Yat-sen and members of the Nanjing Tung Ming Hui
On March 31,1912, Dr. Sun Yat-sen attended a farewell dinner given by members of the Nanjing Tung Meng Hui (the Alliance Society) and delivered a speech about revolution and his doctrine of the people's livelihood. This is a picture of Dr. Sun Yat- sen and the members at the dinner.


2. Group photo after the resignation ceremony
On April 1,1912, Dr. Sun Yat-sen and his cabinet members held the resignation ceremony in the senate. This is a group photo taken after the ceremony.



3. Photo of Dr. Sun Yat-sen and military and civil officials in Huibei
On April 9,1912, Dr. Sun Yat-sen arrived in Wuhan at the invitation of Li Yuanhong and was warmly welcomed by people of all walks of life. This is a picture of Dr. Sun Yat-sen and military and civil officials in Huibei.



4. Photo of Dr. Sun Yat-sen and members of the Fujian Tung Meng Hui
On April 20, 1912, Dr. Sun Yat-sen held a meeting with members of the Fujian Tung Meng Hui, at which he showed particular concern for descendants of the Huang Hua Gang martyrs. This is a picture of the meeting.




5. Dr. Sun Yat-sen attending welcome party given by the Guangdong Highway Company
On May 17, 1912, Dr. Sun Yat-sen attended a welcome party given by the commercial Guangdong Highway Company. This is a picture of Dr. Sun Yat-sen with the persons at the party (First right on front row is the famous Chinese railroad engineer Zhan Tianyou).



6. Photo of Dr. Sun Yat-sen and family at Cui Heng Village
This is a photo of Dr. Sun Yat-sen and family in front of the family house in Cui Heng Village taken on May 27, 1912 (Second left is Sun’s secretary Song Ailing).



7. Photo of Dr. Sun Yat-sen with Huang Xing and others
Dr. Sun Yat-sen arrived in Shanghai from Canton on June 22, 1912. This is a picture of Dr. Sun Yat-sen with Huang Xing and Japanese friends in Shanghai, taken on June 30.



8. Dr. Sun Yat-sen arriving in Beijing
On August 24, 1912, Dr. Sun Yat-sen arrived in Beijing and was warmly welcomed by people from all walks of life outside Qianmen. In the picture, Dr. Sun was riding in the carriage drawn by white horses.



9. Photo of Dr. Sun Yat-sen with welcoming mass while inspecting Beijing-Zhang Jiakou Railway
On September 7, 1912, Dr. Sun Yat-sen inspected the Beijing-Zhang Jiaokou Railway, which was designed by Chinese engineer Zhan Tianyou, in Zhang Jiakou Station and had a picture with the welcoming mass.




10. Dr. Sun Yat-sen making a public speech
Dr. Sun Yat-sen delivered speeches on socialism to an active audience in the Grand Chinese Theatre in Shanghai from October 14—16, 1912. This is a picture of Dr. Sun Yat-sen speaking.




11. Photo of Dr. Sun Yat-sen and overseas Chinese in Japan
This is a photo of Dr. Sun Yat-sen with overseas Chinese at Wu Jintang’s villa in Kyoto, Japan




12. Photo of Dr. Sun Yat-sen with the friend's family
On March 19, 1913, Dr. Sun Yat-sen called at his Japanese friend. This is a picture of Dr. Sun Yat-sen with the family of his friend.



II. Opposing Yuan Shikai’s dictatorial rule

1. Dr. Sun Yat-sen’s telegram demanding thorough investigation into Song’s assassination
When Dr. Sun Yat-sen learned of the news of Song Jiaoren’s assissination on March 22, 1913, he immediately sent a telegram to the Kuomintang Headquarter and the Ministry of Transport in Shanghai, asking for an investigation into the case, and left for home the next day. This is a picture of Sun’s telegram published on Min Li Pao in Shanghai.





2. Photo of Dr. Sun Yat-sen and revolutionaries in Tokyo
On July 8, 1914, Dr. Sun Yat-sen called a meeting of the founding of the Chinese Revolutionary Party in Tokyo, Japan. This is a picture of Dr. Sun and some revolutionaries.



3. Photo of Dr. Sun Yat-sen and his Japanese friends
This is a photo of Dr. Sun Yat-sen and his Japanese friends taken in Tokyo, Japan on November 17, 1914.







4. Photo of Dr. Sun Yat-sen and Madame Sun
Dr. Sun Yat-sen and Song Qingling got married in Tokyo on October 25, 1915. This picture was taken in Tokyo on April 24, 1916.







5. The marriage oath of Dr. Sun Yat-sen and Song Qingling
This is a picture the marriage oath of Dr. Sun Yat-sen and Song Qingling, the Chinese translation of the oath and Madame Sun’s own written authentication later.




6. Celebrating the abrogation of the imperial system
On March 22, 1916, Yuan Shikai was forced to abrogate the imperial system. This is a photo of Dr. Sun Yat-sen and friends celebrating the victory in Tokyo on April 9.



7. Photo of Dr. Sun Yat-sen, Madame Sun and their friend
Dr. Sun Yat-sen, Madame Sun and their friend took the picture on April 24,1916.








8. Photo of Dr. Sun Yat-sen with members of the Pioneers Team of the overseas Chinese to condemn Yuan Shikai
The pioneer team to condemn Yuan Shikai was formed among overseas Chinese in the US and Canada, and returned to China to participate in the campaign. After Yuan Shikai died, the team was dismissed. This is a picture of Dr. Sun Yat-sen and members of the team taken in September 1916.


9. Photo of Dr. Sun Yat-sen and some congressmen
This is a picture of Dr. Sun Yat-sen and some congressmen taken in Shanghai in August, 1916.




III. Leading the campaign to defend the laws

1. Dr. Sun Yat-sen arriving in Guangzhou
On July 17, 1917, Dr. Sun Yat-sen moved south to lead the campaign to defend the laws. This is a picture of Dr. Sun Yat- sen after he arrived in Guangzhou.






2. Photo of Dr. Sun Yat-sen as Generalissimo
The emergent session of the Parliament decided to form the Military Government of the Chinese Republic, and recommended Dr. Sun Yat-sen to be Generalissimo of the Military Government on September 1, 1917. This is a group photo of Dr. Sun Yat-sen and members during the ceremony.

3. Portrait of Dr. Sun Yat-sen
This is a portrait of Dr. Sun Yat-sen as Generalissimo.








4. Ordinance of the Generalissimo
This is an ordinance issued by Generalissimo Sun Yat-sen on September 10, 1917.







5. Photo of Dr. Sun Yat-sen with staff of the Generalissimo office
This is a picture of Dr. Sun Yat-sen with staff of the Generalissimo office taken in March, 1918.





6. Dr. Sun Yat-sen attending a welcome gathering at Songkou Middle School
Dr. Sun Yat-sen attended a welcome gathering held at Songkou Middle School by the people of Mei Xian County, Guangdong. This is a picture of Dr. Sun with the masses.




7. Dr. Sun Yat-sen in Shanghai
Dr. Sun Yat-sen spent his time writing in Shanghai in 1918. This is a picture of Dr. Sun Yat-sen while he was in Shanghai.

Photo of Dr. Sun Yat-sen after taking oath to be Provisional President of the Republic of China
On May 5, 1921, Dr. Sun Yat-sen took office as Provisional President of the Republic of China in Canton. This is a picture of Dr. Sun Yat-sen with people of all walks of life after taking oath in the Parliament.



8. Dr. Sun Yat-sen’s inauguration speech
This is a copy of the inauguration speech delivered by Dr. Sun Yat-sen on May 5, 1921.





9. Photo of Dr. Sun Yat-sen and Madame Sun after attending the send-off party for soldiers
In July 1921, Dr. Sun Yat-sen and Madame Sun attended a good-bye party for soldiers who were sent off to Guangxi to fight Lu Rongting. This picture was taken after they returned from the party.






10. Photo of Dr. Sun Yat-sen with officials attending the meeting to commemorate the tenth anniversary of the 1911 revolution
Dr. Sun Yat-sen attended the meeting to commemorate the tenth anniversary of the 1911 revolution in Canton on October 10, 1921 and had a picture taken with the military and civil officials there.


11. Dr. Sun Yat-sen after reviewing the troops
Dr. Sun Yat-sen reviewed the troops at the northern square in celebration of the tenth anniversary of the 1911 revolution on October 10, 1921. This is a picture of Dr. Sun Yat-sen attending the ceremony.



12. Photo of Dr. Sun Yat-sen, Madame Sun and members of the Guangxi Branch of the Kuomintang
This is a picture of Dr. Sun Yat-sen, Madame Sun and members of the Guangxi Branch of the Kuomintang taken on January 2, 1922.



13. Photo of Dr. Sun Yat-sen and Madame Sun in Guilin
This is a picture of Dr. Sun Yat-sen and Madame Sun in Guilin, taken on February 9, 1922.